Harriet Shaw Weaver was a political activist and a magazine editor. She was a patron of Irish writer James Joyce. She was educated privately by a governess, initially in Cheshire and later in Hampstead. Her parents denied her wish to go to university. She decided to become a social worker. After attending a course on the economic basis of social relations at the London School of Economics she became involved in women’s suffrage and joined the Women’s Social and Political Union.
she began subscribing to The Freewoman: A Weekly Feminist Review, a radical periodical. The following year its proprietors withdrew their support from it and Weaver stepped in to save it from financial ruin. In 1913 it was renamed The New Freewoman. Later that year at the suggestion of the magazine’s literary editor, the name was changed again to The Egoist. During the following years Weaver made more financial donations to the periodical, becoming more involved with its organisation and also becoming its editor. she joined the Communist Party in 1938. She was active in this organisation, taking part in demonstrations and selling copies of the Daily Worker.